Arthroscopy. Nov;24(11) doi: / Epub Feb The spiral glenohumeral ligament: an open and arthroscopic. Emerg Radiol. Feb;24(1) doi: /s Epub Aug Inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) complex: anatomy, injuries, . Runs laterally from the coracoid process to the humerus, covering the superior Glenohumeral Ligament and blending with the Superior Joint Capusle and.

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The capsule can become inflamed and stiff, with abnormal bands of tissue adhesions growing between the joint surfaces, causing pain and restricting movement of the shoulder, a condition known as frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis.

The purpose of this study was to visualize arthroscopically and to describe the micro- and macroscopic anatomy of the poorly known ligament of the anterior capsule of the glenohumeral joint: However, the point of maximal capsular laxity has been found to be 39 degrees of Abduction in the Scapular Plane, which suggests that the open packed position may be close to neutral position of the shoulder.

Anular Oblique cord Quadrate. Joints and ligaments of the arm.

Volume One Upper Limb 5th ed. Dorsal carpometacarpal Palmar carpometacarpal thumb: Anterior sternoclavicular Posterior sternoclavicular Interclavicular Costoclavicular.

Glenohumeral Joint

They are the gelnohumerales nervethe axillary nerve and the lateral pectoral nerve. In addition, a detached labrum can lead to recurrent anterior instability and a compromised inferior glenohumeral ligament complex. The movement of the scapula across the rib cage in relation to the humerus is known as the scapulohumeral rhythmand this helps to achieve a further range of movement.

The shoulder joint has a very loose joint capsule known as the articular capsule glenohumerzles the humerus and this can sometimes allow the shoulder to dislocate. A number of small fluid-filled sacs known as synovial bursae are located around the capsule to aid mobility:. L8 – 10 years in practice. Medial rotation is carried out by the anterior fibres of the deltoid, teres major, subscapularis, pectoralis major and the lattissimus dorsi.


Dissection image of coracohumeral ligament of glenohumeral joint in green. This usually signifies multiple tendon glenohukerales.

If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. The spiral GHL arose from the infraglenoid tubercle and the triceps tendon and inserted together with subscapularis tendon onto the lesser tubercle of the humerus.

Shoulder joint – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Moore Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 7th ed. Such an imbalance could cause a forward head carriage which in turn can affect the range of movements of the shoulder. The left shoulder and acromioclavicular jointsand the proper ligaments of the scapula. This ring is continuous with the tendon of the biceps brachii above.

This type of injury often requires surgical repair. Coracoacromial Superior transverse scapular Inferior transverse of scapula Synovial: Ligamentous Restraints in different Arm Positions. The supra-acromial bursa does not normally communicate with the shoulder joint. Toggle navigation p Physiopedia.

Subacromial bursitis is a painful condition caused by inflammation which often presents a set of symptoms known as subacromial impingement. Reinforcing the anterior glenohumeral joint capsule, the superior, middle, and inferior glenohumeral ligaments play different roles in the stability of the head of the humerus depending on arm position and degree of rotation.

For arthroscopic visualization, 30 prospective arthroscopic clinical cases and 19 retrospective video clips of the patients who had an arthroscopic shoulder procedure with a normal subscapularis tendon, labrum, and anterior joint capsule were evaluated. Multiple bursae are distributed thoughout the shoulder complex, however, the subacromial bursa is one of the largest bursae in the body. Several acronyms are employed to characterize these features, specifying whether there is involvement of a portion of the anterior band, posterior band, or midsubstance, and if there is avulsion from the humeral attachment, glenoid attachment, or both.


Prevents anterior translation of the humerus with the arm in 45 degrees of abduction.

Core Tested Community All. Sternoclavicular Anterior sternoclavicular Posterior sternoclavicular Interclavicular Costoclavicular. Prevents anterior translation of the humerus with the arm in 90 degrees of abduction.

Adduction is carried out by the pectoralis major, lattisimus dorsi, teres major and the subscapularis. Arthroscopically, the spiral GHL was found in 22 The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint between the scapula and the humerus. Anular Oblique cord Quadrate. Retrieved from ” https: How important is this topic for board examinations? When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source.

Because the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii is inside the capsule, it requires a tendon sheath to minimize friction.

However the socket of the glenoid cavity of the scapula is itself quite shallow and is made deeper by the addition of the glenoid labrum. Distal radioulnar Palmar radioulnar Dorsal radioulnar Interosseous membrane of forearm. The Unity of Form and Function Sixth ed.