Also extant in Syriac is the Book of the Laws of Diverse Countries, a dialogue on fate in various different versions, accounts of Bardesanes’ cosmological ideas. W. Cureton, “Bardaisan – The Book of the Laws of Countries”, in Spicilegium syriacum, A. Merx, Bardesanes von Edessa nebst einer Untersuchung über das. Owing to political disturbances in Edessa, Bardesanes and his parents moved for of Ani in Armenia and tried to spread the Gospel there, but with little success.

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We are indebted for what we know mainly to Ephraim of Edessa, who wrote gospdl years later than our Gnostic. Its existence in the seventh century is attested by Jacob of Edessa ; in the eighth by George, Bishop of the Arab tribes; in the tenth by the historian Masudi ; and even in the twelfth by Shashrastani. But these same laws, which people obey, are they not another form of fate? Ephrem’s zealous efforts to suppress this powerful heresy were not entirely successful.

Bardesanism seems to have degenerated first into Valentinianism and then into common Manichaeism. Hilgenfeld in wrote an able defence of this view, based mainly on extracts from St. A certain Marinus, a follower of Bardaisan and a dualistwho is refuted bardsanes the “Dialogue of Adamantius”, held the doctrine of a twofold primeval being; for the devil, according to him is not created by God.

Fragments of a Faith Forgotten: The Gnosis According to its Foes: Bardesanes

Bardesanes showed great literary activity against Marcion and Valentinus, the Gnostics of the day. Was God not able to create man so that they could not sin?

In fact, the latest view that of Hort tries to rob Gnosticism of Bardesanes, and carry him off into the fold of orthodoxy. Sylvester, born in Rome, was ordained by Pope This work tells of the discovery by Renan of B. When Caracalla dethroned the Abgar Bar-Manu inBardesanes made manful defence of the Christian faith before the representative of the Roman Emperor, so that even Epiphanius is compelled to call him “almost a confessor.

Bardaisan’s son, Harmonius, is considered to gopsel strayed farther from the path of orthodoxy. A certain Marinus, a follower of Bardesanes, is refuted in the “Dialogue of Adamantius”.

Latest Videos on YouTube. Epiphanius of Salamis and Bar Hebraeus assert that he was first an orthodox Christian and afterwards an adherent of Valentinus. Misled by the fact that “spirit” is feminine in Syriac, he seems to have held erroneous views on the Trinity. Ephrem against the Bardesanites of his day are not a fair criterion of the doctrine of their master.


Some sources refer to his high birth and wealth; according to Michael the SyrianBardaisan’s parents had fled Persia and Sextus Julius Africanus reports that he was of Parthian origin. Ephrem’s zealous efforts to suppress this powerful heresy were not entirely successful.


Here the boy was brought up in the house of a heathen priest Anuduzbar. They believe that light is fospel living thing, possessing knowledge, might, perception and understanding; and from it movement and life take their source; but that darkness is dead, ignorant, feeble, rigid and soulless, without activity and discrimination; and they hold that the evil within them is the outcome of their nature and is done without their co-operation”.

Porphyry states that on one occasion at Edessa, Bardaisan interviewed an Indian deputation of holy men Ancient Greek: The main speaker, however, in the gpspel is Bardesanes, and we have no reason to doubt that what is put in his mouth correctly represents his teaching.

Like the Early Christians, he believed in an Almighty God, Creator of heaven and earth, whose will is absolute, and to whom all things are subject. In Egypt it forgets for a while its royal parentage and glorious destiny. Some scholars were of the opinion that the beautiful poem, The Hymn of the Soulin the apocryphal Acts of Thomas cf.

Bardesanes At a Glance. Latest by Catholic Online St.

Paris, ; Bardenhewer, Gesch. Please contact me if you have access to this work. Led by the fact that “spirit” is feminine in Syriac, bardesaness seems to have held unorthodox views on the Trinity. For Nature is the connection of males and females, and the pleasure of the both heads [ sic ]; bardesanss from Fortune comes abomination and a different manner of connection and all the filthiness and indecency which men do for the cause of connection through their lust.

Robert Appleton Company, If the student, in reading this masterpiece of Gnostic poesy, will bear in mind the beautiful Parable of the Prodigal Son, as preserved in the third Synoptic, he will be able to trace the basic yospel of ideas in the outer and inner traditions, and note how the inner expands and explains the outer.

Barsesanes Matthew Mark Luke John. Though marred by many obscurities, the beauty of this hymn on the soul is very striking. Let us now turn to Bardaisan’s views on “astrology” and “fate,” or, in other words, his conception of karman, and quote a few passages from Cureton’s somewhat unintelligible translation of The.

He was also a Docetist, as he denied Christ’s birth of a woman. Misled by the fact that “spirit” baresanes feminine in Syriac, he seems to have held erroneous views on the Trinity.

He indeed was at first a follower of Valentinus, but afterward, having rejected his teaching and having refuted most of his fictions, he fancied that he had come over to the more correct opinion.


His pagan parentsNuhama and Nah ‘siram, must have been people of rank, for their son was educated with the crown-prince of the Osrhoenic kingdom, at the court of Abgar Manu VIII.

The extraordinary veneration of his own countrymen, the very reserved, and half-respectful allusion to him in the early Fathers, and above all the “Book of the Laws of the Countries” suggest a milder view of Bardesanes’s aberrations. Moses of Chorene History of G. Syrian Gnostic or, more correctly, a Syrian poet, astrologist, and philosopher, b. But before considering Bardaisan’s views on “fate,” let us see whether we can abstract an thing Indirect Sources.

Bardaisan – Wikipedia

The first fragment is generally referred to the idea of Paradise, which bardesajes usually placed barrdesanes the third of the seven heavens, or in the midst of the seven spheres; it seems, however, rather to refer to the Ogdoad or space above the seven phases of psychic substance, the Jerusalem Above of the Valentinians.

At the age of sixty-three he was forced to take refuge in the fortress of Ani in Armenia and tried to spread the Gospel there, bardesabes with little success. Paris, see Arendzen He apparently denied the Resurrection of the Bodybut thought Our Lord’s body was endowed with incorruptibility as with a special barxesanes. Bardaisan was also a great student of Indian religion, and wrote a book on the subject, from which the Platonist Porphyry subsequently quoted.

They are true, because men speak after the fashion which they see, and because, also, men see how things happen to them, and mistake; because the wisdom of God is richer than they, which hus established the worlds and created man, and has ordained the Governors, and has fospel to all things the power gospsl is suitable for each one of them.

Since the time of Wright so much work has been done on this “master-piece of religious poetry,” as the Cambridge Reader in Arabic justly calls it, that the translation of the pupil is to be preferred to that of the teacher, and Professor Bevan’s work must now be considered not only to have superseded Wright’s, but to be the best on the subject.

Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Thus the Osrhoenic kingdom, after years’ existence, came to an end.