(Craik & Tulving, ; Hyde & Jenkins, ; Lockhart, Graik, & Jacoby, ). Elaborative processing is distractors (Coltheart, ; Elias & Perfetti, ). The researches done by Hyde and Jenkins () and Craik and Elias and Perfetti () performed a study using the same technique. It involved a rhyming . Key Study Elias and Perfetti () looked at levels of processing, specifically phonetic and semantic processing. This study will recreate this key study. The aim.

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Introduction Aim To what extent does semantic processing lead to

There were two experimental conditions: This article has no associated abstract. The response sheet was then taken away and they were given 5 minutes timed with a stopwatch to write down words they were able to remember on a sheet of paper. Phonetic processing is when a rhyme is made out of the information processed, giving the individual better recall.

Fast image deconvolution using Hyper. Bjork – – Journal of Experimental Psychology 4: This is a one-tailed hypothesis as studies from the past such as Hyde and Jenkinshave had the same results showing semantically encoded words had deep processing and led to better recall, compared to phonetically encoded words.


Request removal from index. However, participants were not told they had to recall the words, which uses the incidental learning technique.

It is focused on how information is processed rather than information being put into different memory stores. Davies – – Consciousness and Cognition 15 1: There are three levels of processing: From this experiment, Elias and Perfetti used this as participants were not aware they had to recollect the words after they performed the two tasks.

He found that participants who categorized words had better recall than participants who just read words. They found best-rated words had best recall whereas words that were rated least pleasant led to worst recall.

Linguistics Phonetic Alphabets Transcription and notes. Video Notes from the Lectures.

Added to PP index Total downloads 57, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 7 76, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? This shows organizing information may make it memorable, showing semantic processing leads to better recall. Participants were then split into two groups by counting the first and second 15 as they entered the room.

Introduction Aim To what extent does semantic processing lead to

The participants would recall the words based on their task. They found semantically processed were better recalled than phonetically processed and visually processed words. Association, Directionality, and Stimulus Encoding. Memory and Cognitive Science in Philosophy of Mind categorize this paper. RederJohn R. If this happens, it is due to chance. Semantic processing leads to the best peerfetti as personal meaning is given.


Participants Participants were students from an international school in Hong Kong aged 17 to 18 from years 12 to Encoding and Retrieval in Visual Memory Tasks.

Chandler Shumate – – Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 1: Leias will be no significant difference in words being recalled by participants that have used the different levels of processing: As there is a rhyming task, it involves phonetic processing and the semantic task involves semantic coding anf would be a deep level of processing. From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy content. A Test of Encoding Variability Theory.

Each condition had 15 participants.